Withdrawal Agreement Key Issues

Holders of geographical indications protected in the EU at the end of the transition period have the right to use the geographical indication in the UK without review and to receive “at least the same level of protection” as under the current EU regime. However, this only applies “unless and until” a future agreement between the EU and the UK enters into force and becomes applicable. The most important elements of the draft agreement are as follows:[21] EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft Withdrawal Agreement, which will allow the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines on the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK on 23 March 2018. The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the Union (Articles 40 and 41). The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The political declaration provides that the UK will be granted adequacy status before the end of the transition period until December 2020 and confirms that the European Commission will start the adequacy assessment as soon as possible after the UK`s withdrawal, as the agreement was revised as part of the Renegotiation of the Johnson Ministry in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text. [22] This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of a Member State from the Union and allows for a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended. [38] [12] The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration and replaced the word “adequate” with “adequate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade researcher at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms. [27] In addition, the level playing field mechanism has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration[24] and the line in the Political Declaration that “the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas” has been deleted.

[26] The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border arrangements and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by the Boris Johnson government was published in the first stage in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme did not find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election. [12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. .


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