South Sudan Peace Agreement August 2015
The agreement provides for the creation of an UNTT in South Sudan. This RTGoNU is responsible for governing for a 36-month transition period that begins eight months after the signing of the R-ARCSS. Democratic elections will be held 60 days before the end of the transition period. The same agreement also provides for a single executive chairman (Kiir), a first vice-president (Machar) and four vice-presidents appointed by TGoNU, SSOA, the current TGoNU and former detainees. While the first vice-president is responsible for tasking the cabinet group for governance issues, the other four vice-presidents will mandate their assigned clusters of firms: the economic cluster, the distribution service, the infrastructure cluster and the Gender and Youth cluster. UN chief Ban Ki-moon welcomed the signing of the peace agreement, but his spokesman said in a statement that it needed to be implemented. JMEC (2016b) “Minutes of the 6th Meeting of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission,” March 9, p. 2, Available at: www.jmecsouthsudan.com/uploads/minutes9Mar2016.pdf [Access June 28, 2016]; See also JMEC (2016c) `Minutes of the 7th meeting of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission`, 24 March, p. 2, Available at: www.jmecsouthsudan.com/uploads/Meeting%20 Record%2024%20Mar%202016.pdf [Access 28 June 2016]. One of the two generals who left the rebel party earlier this month condemned the peace agreement and said it was “not for the whole of South Sudan.” Information Minister Michael Makuei told the DW that the transitional government would fully implement the peace agreement.
However, experts believe that the achievements of the SPLM-IO presented by the government and taban Deng Gais are more related to power-sharing, which benefits the two parties for the most part. When Kenyan President Kenyatta said there was “no perfect deal,” it was clear that the day had been difficult around the table. In terms of scope, the R-ARCSS covers issues relating to governance structures and institutions of the Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU); a permanent ceasefire and security measures for transitional security, humanitarian aid and reconstruction agreements; an agreed framework for managing resources, the economy and the economy; The agreed principles and structures for transitional justice, accountability, reconciliation and healing; The parameters for managing the ongoing constitutional process; creation of the Joint Supervisory and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); and operational procedures and amendments to the agreement.