Eu Trade Agreement Ratification Process
In line with ECJ directives, the EU is now developing free trade agreements to ensure that they remain the exclusive competence of the EU. Therefore, areas such as investor-state dispute settlement and portfolio investments need to be negotiated in separate agreements. This clear division of areas into different agreements makes it possible to ratify and enforce free trade agreements quickly and reliably by European legislators. Such a separation is not possible, however, if trade agreements are an integral part of political association agreements (e.g. B with Ukraine, Mexico, Mercosur, etc.). These contracts remain mixed, if only because of the components of foreign and security policy (the EU-Mercosur negotiations are based on a 20-year-old mandate and do not involve investor-state dispute settlement). CETA is Canada`s largest bilateral initiative since NAFTA. It was launched following a joint study entitled “Assessing the Costs and Benefits of a Closer EU-Canada Economic Partnership”, published in October 2008. Officials announced the opening of negotiations on May 6, 2009 at the Canada-EU Summit in Prague   Following the Canada-EU Summit held in Ottawa on March 18, 2004, at which Heads of State or Government agreed on a new framework for a new Canada-EU Trade and Investment Promotion Agreement (TIEA).
The TIEA should go beyond traditional market access issues and cover areas such as trade and investment facilitation, competition, mutual recognition of professional qualifications, financial services, e-commerce, temporary entry, small and medium-sized enterprises, sustainable development and exchange of science and technology. The TIEA should also build on a framework for regulatory cooperation between Canada and the EU to promote bilateral cooperation on regulatory approaches, promote best regulatory practices, and facilitate trade and investment. In addition to removing barriers, the TIEA is expected to increase Canadian and European interest in other`s markets.  The TIEA lasted until 2006, when Canada and the EU decided to halt negotiations. This led to negotiations for a Canada-European Union trade agreement (later renamed the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement or CETA) and this agreement will lead, beyond the TIEA, to an agreement whose scope is much broader and more ambitious. Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union contains the rules of the EU`s commercial policy. The intra-Belgian disagreement was resolved in the last days of October and paved the way for the signing of CETA. On 28 October, the Belgian regional parliaments authorised the federal government to delegate full powers and the following day Foreign Minister Didier Reynders signed on behalf of Belgium.   The next day, Sunday, October 30, 2016, the treaty was signed by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, European Council President Donald Tusk, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico (when Slovakia chaired the Council of the European Union in the second half of 2016).  On the EU side, ratification is subject to the approval of the European Parliament (by a simple majority of all votes cast) and the Council of the European Union (by qualified majority*). If this proves impossible, the EU will have the possibility to apply the agreement provisionally from its signature, which only requires the approval of the Council and the information of the Parliament. EU officials have often said Brussels will not unplug the talks, but it may have to announce that ratification will no longer be possible until December 31.
Canada and the EU have a long history of economic cooperation. With 28 Member States with a total population of over €500 million and a GDP of €13.0 trillion in 2012, the European Union (EU) is the second largest internal market, foreign investors and traders in the world. . . .